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Java Development

RSA Encryption using your Public and Private key how to / example

by New Developer on ‎03-27-2013 04:20 PM (4,940 Views)

Here's a quick sample showing how to encrypt using RSA®. When you encrypt with the public key, only the holder of the private key can decrypt it.


Remember though - every time you encrypt the same data with the same key - the output will be the same - perfect for an eavesdropper to notice!




// Get the public key from a PEM encoded RSA certificate
InputStream stream = getClass().getResourceAsStream("sams.crt");
byte[] base64bytes = new byte[stream.available()];
stream.read(base64bytes, 0, base64bytes.length);

X509Certificate cert = (X509Certificate) CertificateUtilities.readCertificateFile("X509", base64bytes);
pubKey = (RSAPublicKey) cert.getPublicKey();

//Initiate the Crypto system
RSACryptoSystem crypt = crypt = new RSACryptoSystem(2048);  //I used 2048 bits keys


An now an example method howto encrypt data and return a Base64 string of the encrypted value.


//Example method to encrypt data with the above objects
public String encrypt(String data){
		if(data.length() > 0){
			NoCopyByteArrayOutputStream out = new NoCopyByteArrayOutputStream();
			data = data.trim();
			byte[] plain = data.getBytes();		
			RSAEncryptorEngine eng = new RSAEncryptorEngine(this.pubKey);
			PKCS1FormatterEngine fengine = new PKCS1FormatterEngine(eng);
			BlockEncryptor cryptoStream = new BlockEncryptor(fengine, out);
			cryptoStream.write( plain, 0, plain.length );
			byte[] cipherText = out.getByteArray();
			String encMessage = Base64OutputStream.encodeAsString(cipherText, 0, cipherText.length, false, false);
			return encMessage;
			return "";
	catch(Exception err){
		return "";


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